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Powder Bleach, Oil or Gel.

Before Embarking On lightening hair one has to understand the chemistry of the product and how the process works. Hair Lighteners come in many forms and are designed to lighten the natural pigment in the hair they are known as an Alkaliser.


How do these work:

They are products that supply Sufficient Alkali to de stabilise hydrogen peroxide, when the two products are mixed together the Hydrogen attacks the pigment in the hair and Lightens it.


Hydrogen Peroxide is Stabilised in a bottle with a low Ph around {3.00-3.5} adding the lightener be it {powder or liquid-gel} brings the mixture up to a Ph of around 9.0 triggering oxygen release. This will be noticed by expansion of your formulation.

Types of Lighteners:

Bleach powder Lighteners are for the most part Stronger and faster acting than oil and boosters Generally used for off scalp Lightening application. { always do skin and stand test} Lifting Ability depends on the strength of hydrogen peroxide. Hydrogen Peroxide comes in different strength’s or Volume 10,20.30.40 are standard in the hair industry, 20 volume is advised for all scalp applications.

Lotions Oil -Gel:

These have a smoother consistency and are formulated to protect the skin/ scalp from the lightening process. again for scalp application 20 volume is the max recommended for safe application. {Be advised that adding heat/ dry or steam will change the way these products react: powder bleach can dry out under heat!}   below natural level 6 



The chemical Structure of lighteners are Ammonia. Ammonia hydroxide, Magnesium silicate,and sodium. quite the mix all lighteners have to be mixed with hydrogen peroxide. {Be advised hair that has been coloured with any kind of metallic rinse, colour or stain, will create a heat reaction that can cause burning so do your home work!}

folied up

When to use: A key tool for colour correction, but generallythey are used when other products available cannot give the desired degree of Lightening, as a product often used for blonde high lights, and streaks. again it is always key to assess what volume or strength of peroxide to use. often toning will be required after Bleaching, so understanding pigment is essential to attain required shade or tone using the wrong toner can cause problems at the back wash!  remember yellow does not need ash it needs violet! yellow and Ash makes green{Remember High lift Tint will only give max 4levels of lift when mixed with 40 vol Peroxide}

Product mixing formulation

Mixing: Always follow Instructions on each given product! for lotions/gel /oil double amount of Hydrogen peroxide is often called for, lotions and lighteners,Booster powders must always be mixed in Sequence. {note: mixed out of sequence can result in uneven lift!}

Stages of Lightening: When lifting /lightening hair it goes through what is known as the 7 stages of lift. it has no limits it can remove all pigment from the hair. if left on and the lifting action is kept going this would be by re-applying fresh formula on top of any application to keep the action going.

Remember the Colour wheel: {you can see shades in the outer wheel

The stages are as follows.

Technical colour wheel

Red-Brown. Red. Red-orange. orange-yellow. yellow -orange. yellow.pale yellow.

shade and tone pigment

The first colour is always the stronger shade!

The deeper the base shade the more stages of lift required its a journey don’t rush it.


*lightens hair.

*Can be used for colour Correction.

*Adds Texture.


*re-growth needs to be maintained.

*Can damage hair.

*Can cause Skin irritation.

* Hair should be protected from Uv -sun light.

highlights low lights

Summing Up:

A very useful Tool for us to have but should be respected and understood, I advocate the best path is the one with the least chemistry possible.

The ‘Three R’s’ 
”Reputation. Recommendation. Retention”. 
It’s not built on that constant looking for new clients it’s looking after what you have! It’s investing in your self and your business and those around you.


Our industry is in constant change and is sometimes criticised. For lacking vision in some areas. However there is an ever growing body of professionals. That have a firm commitment to our industry, they have a passion for change, to raise standards through education and sharing. Leadership, education and team incentives.Will over time and with commitment give any individual that ability to do exceptional work and to be more creative. Leadership and management help create an amazing work environment for all concerned. So key for success for all concerned.
This journey. This career, is wonderful – Challenging. Inspiring and yes can and will be hard work. but the rewards are worth all the effort.
Thank you all for letting me share some thoughts with you today.These are inspirational, passionate, industry professionals.They have a vision. These are the people I want on my bus to learn from, share with, take a journey with. Get inspired. Connect with driven motivated industry professional. challenge your self. invest in ones /your self 

Are you driver or passenger !

 There are no guarantees in life and ones career and career choice is no different thing happen and its how we deal with them that defines us. Jobs change relationships come and go the one thing that remains after training is our skill both hands on creative and the ones we learn about people and communication about caring about being a team player. Constantly developing new skills staying current is so very important.

I also think that we need to always look at the Why. Ask the question Why are we in business whats it for? OrWhy do we want to go into to business what is success? Why do I suggest this I think by asking and exploring the why we get to the motive behind why we want to be in business what is true success. Why the will also help us to understand our true values this in turn helps us to follow the path to the success we want  and desire. It will help us to surround ourselves with the right team those who share our values and vision.

Remember. Salon success. Stylist success. Business success are all linked together it’s Team success. Its never about any destination only ever about a journey taking the right people on that journey makes it enjoyable maybe even fun!

The salon and the S word now available in book and e book format for links to purchase and reviews Click here or on the image. 



 The Salon & the ‘S’ Word

 Written by Mike Vallance

Essential for success: commitment, focus, drive, a willingness to make change keeping an open mind. planning. taking responsibility for ones choices making and taking hard decisions. Honesty and staying creatively challenged.

My web site is Back2myroots: B2MR feel free to check in

You can also find me here on LinkedIn on Twitter MikeB2MR and Facebook Back2myroots B2MR

Mike B2MR



3 Responses to “Lightening.lifting,bleaching”

  1. Hello, I am really glad I have found this info. Todays bloggers publish only about gossip and web stuff and this is really frustrating. A good web site with exciting content (like yours doh!) is what I need. Thank you for making this site, and I’ll be visiting again. Do you do newsletters?

  2. …A Friend recommended your blog…

    Wow, superb weblog structure! How lengthy have you ever been running a blog for?…

  3. b2mradmin says:

    Thanks for the comment it’s an ongoing ever developing place to gain and share information in the hopes of making a difference.Mike B2MR

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